The Anatomy of Tennis Shoes Explained

The anatomy of tennis shoes may not be a matter of priority while buying the best tennis shoes. Still, familiarizing some conditions can help you to select the finest fit for your feet and biomechanics.

Let’s discuss some basic anatomy of tennis shoes.

Understanding foot type

Before getting into details, we should be familiar with our foot type. You can figure it out quickly at home or can visit a podiatrist as well.

Understanding Foot Type

Let’s have a quick look at what type of foot you have!

Supinated foot:

If wet feet indicate a crescent-shaped footprint with little or no footmark created by your arch, you have a supinated foot.

Additionally, supinated feet are more comprehensive. That’s why it requires tennis shoes having additional space in the forefoot and toe box.

Pronated feet:

If the impression of your feet shows wholly filled in, Because of your flat foot, then you have pronated feet. This type of feet gets additional support from tennis shoes.

We recommend, to find a pair of booties with additional solidity in the middle, or go for a mid-cut model.

Neutral feet:

If footprint impressions indicate a moderate amount of arch, then you have neutral feet. It is the most flexible foot type; on which you can wear almost any kind of tennis shoe.

Material of the shoes

material of the shoes

Shoe Upper

The upper part of shoes contains leather or fabric covering your foot; usually, it is sewn or glued to the midsole.

The second essential part of the shoe upper is the toe box that allows your toes to send force forward by housing them firmly. If you feel toe box tight, try to get wide-fit shoes that provide a wider toe box.

Materials in Shoe Upper

The upper part of tennis shoes is made of air-permeable, net-type fabric. Additionally, the use of Gore-Tex or similar material makes it waterproof.


The midsole is present in the middle of the outer sole and upper shoe. Different types make it of elements and materials that offer various features to your booties like cushioning, support, and resilience.

Materials in midsoles 

Typically, the midsole of tennis shoes is built with EVA (Ethyl Vinyl Acetate) and polyurethane. Moreover, the densities of materials demonstrate different colors.

For Instance, grey color represents denser and more sympathetic polyurethane with the lighter, and cushier EVA is white. The greyer your midsole, the more support you get. And if your midsole is white, more flexible, and cushioned, your booties are.

Outer sole 

The bottom of tennis shoes, where the foot meets the base, is known as the outer sole. The finishing done on the outer sole with different elements and designs, provide features like durable support, required friction, and comfy to and fro motion.

Materials in Outer sole

Generally, the outer sole is made of carbon or blown rubber, and sometimes both are used.

Carbon rubber is mostly used in the high-wear region of the sole to make them stiffer and long-lasting. At the same time, blown rubber is used in other areas of the sole.

Shoe Lasting

The shoe lasting is the final coat among midsole and stock liner. The upper shoe is attached exactly here with the sole. There are various kinds of bonds; however, strobe lasting is most general in tennis shoes. If you take off the sock liner, you can see the upper to the last’s stitching.

Insole or Sock liner

The insole or sock liner is a slim froth layer placed inside the bootie above the midsole. It prevents your foot from scrubbing opposed the seams or glued bonds of the lasting to the upper. It can be removed easily, or you can replace it with any insole of your choice.

Heel Counter

The heel counter is used to provide firm support located at the heel’s backside and above the outer sole. It also offers a stable movement of the heel.

Heel Collar / Heel Cuff

The Heel collar covers your ankle at the top of the shoe. The collar is typically thicker than the remaining upper fabric, to offer additional comfort to your ankle.

Typically heel collar is stretched up to the back of the ankle and supports the Achilles tendon; it may have an Achilles notch. To pull your tennis shoes more readily, you will get a finger loop.

Shoe Tongue

The tongue of the shoes is affiliated with the shoe upper and located below laces and eyelets. It covers the top part of the foot from scrubbing against the lacing system.

It can be fitted with your feet to offer lateral support. The shoe tongues can be in the form of slits and flaps or sewn pieces. It allows you to string your shoelaces over the middle of the language.

The shoe lacing system and eyelets

The lacing system offer player to customize the fitting of shoes according to the player’s comfort level. Fitting adjustment levels of shoes depending upon the number of eyelets’ arrangements, more the eyelets, means more you can customize.

An eyelet that goes up to the heel collar offers more pliability in acquiring secure lacing using various lacing techniques.

Final Words

These are the basic anatomy of tennis shoes described by our expert team. Every player wants shoes that work perfectly in any circumstances. This anatomy will help you in finding the tennis shoes that fit the best of your foot.

In the end, We would recommend you figure out your foot type before buying tennis shoes. Because every shoot you play in court matter a lot for us.